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Fauna - Flora
Bird watching

Vagafogo Wildlife Sanctuary
Vagafogo Wildlife Sanctuary
Vagafogo Wildlife Sanctuary

The riparian forest covers most of the Sanctuary, extending along the slope of Morro do Frota to its summit, when it gives way to the cerrado.

Its upper arboreal stratum reaches an average height of 25m. There are the beautiful jequitibás, angicos, paus-dóleo and jatobás, where one stands out for its size and beauty - the jatobá "Mãe da Floresta" that gives the name to one of the interpretive trails of the Sanctuary.

In the middle stratum of the forest there are individuals between 6m and 15m; a third shrub around 3m and a lower one made up of herbaceous plants, where ferns, musaceae and begonias stand out.  

This forest, always green, has more than 50 identified woody species and a significant epiphytic flora, with 23 species of orchids, in addition to peperomias, bromeliads, cactus and mosses.

The Cerrado flora present in the Sanctuary is also quite diverse. Trees with tasty fruits are easily found, such as pequi, araticum, cashew, cagaita and mangaba.

The beautiful ones in their flowering are also present, such as the purple sucupira, the rosewood and the ephemeral, but dazzling, yellow ipês, whose flowering indicates the end of the dry period in the cerrado.                        

Divided between the forest and cerrado ecosystems, a rich fauna can be observed in the place. With attention, silence and luck, capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella libidinosus) and star tamarins (Callithrix penicilata) can be observed in the treetops. Also inhabiting the area are the Barbados (Alouatta caraya), the largest primate of the Cerrado.

Is still registered  the presence of four species of armadillos, the lesser anteater, the tapiti, the pampas deer and rodents such as the paca, the cavy and the agouti.

Among the foliage of the forest, it is possible to find the small lizard (Anolis crysolepsis), whose occurrence in the cerrado region was unknown until its record in the Vagafogo Sanctuary. Some birds found here, as well as the small Anolis lizard, indicate the forest of the Sanctuary as a place of superposition of areas of Amazonian influence, the Atlantic Forest and the Caatinga.

The local avifauna is also rich, having been listed in a single day, 72 species. Today, the list of birds has more than 200 species. It is possible to see here the hummingbird (Phaethornis ruber), the emberbill (Monasa nigrifrons) and the trica-iron (Saltador maximus), Amazonian species, alongside the benedito (Melanerpes flavifrons), from southeastern Brazil and the cã-cã (Cyanocorax cyanopogon), a species from the caatinga.

Also present in the Sanctuary is the beautiful toucan (Ramphastos culminatus pintoi), a bird that had its speciation area in the Serra Dourada and that has become a symbol of the Wildlife Sanctuary of Fazenda Vagafogo.                       

The great diversity of birds in the Vagafogo Sanctuary fascinates everyone, whether for their song, beauty or rarity.

The observation and recognition of some species in the Sanctuary can be done by simply viewing and listening, others with more reserved habits require a little more dedication and time to be sighted.
For lovers of bird watching and contemplation
  “Passarinhar” or by Ornithologists, the Vagafogo Sanctuary has more than 169 species already cataloged, being considered a reference place for this activity throughout the region, having been listed in a single day 72 species.

* For bird watching at the Vagafogo Sanctuary with the accompaniment of a specialized guide, prior appointment is required and  payment.

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